Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF), Vol 2, No 2 (2010)

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Review of Some Recent Literature: Identifying Factors that Affect Ethiopia’s Education Crisis

Lemlem Telila

Education has been established as the leading power to promote the well being of society by promoting economic growth, creating wealth and development. Ethiopiastarted introducing modern education in the 1940s. It has remained essential for the country to come out of poverty. And the challenge has been to create educated humancapital and skills through developing an education system built and legitimized by the active participation of all the stakeholders who agree to resource and support educationdevelopment. Several studies (Pankhurst, R. 1972, 1999; Teshome Wagaw, 1979, 1999, 2001; Tekeste Negash, 1990, 2006; UNESCO, 2004; Word Bank, 2005; Damtew Teferra & Altbach, 2004; Messay Kebede, 2006; Damtew Teferra, 2005, 2007; Forum for SocialStudies, 2009) have shown that Ethiopia’s educational expansion is plagued by the prevalence of poor quality across the education sectors from primary to higher education. This paper reviews existing literature on education in Ethiopia focusing on factors thathave hindered establishing a self-sustaining and strong Ethiopia’s educational system with a view to discovering possible alternatives that can help establish an educationalgovernance system.

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